Two articles in the current Medical Journal of Australia point to disease-mongering of low testosterone.
David Handelsman, PhD, of the University of Sydney, reports that there has been at least a twofold increase in total expenditure on testosterone prescriptions in Australia over two decades.
Barbara Mintzes, PhD, of the University of British Columbia, and Agnes Vitry, PharmD, PhD, of the University of South Australia, publish a piece in the current Medical Journal of Australia, “Disease mongering and low testosterone in the tale of two regulatory failures.” (subscription required for full access)
Currently, direct-to-consumer advertising of prescription-only medicines is legal in only two industrialised countries, the United States and New Zealand. However, in countries where direct-to-consumer advertising is not allowed, including Australia, Canada and countries in the European Union, pharmaceutical companies have found ways to sidestep this prohibition through intensive use of the internet, social media and print and broadcast media for example, by running help-seeking or disease awareness campaigns. These unbranded promotional campaigns feature a condition treated by the manufacturers product, and often encourage viewers or readers to ask their doctor about a newly available treatment. However, there are many examples of drug company-funded disease-awareness campaigns that exaggerate disease risks and prevalence, and misrepresent treatment effectiveness. Aspects of ordinary life (such as menopause or unhappiness) are medicalised, and conditions that are often mild (such as irritable bowel syndrome and restless legs syndrome) are portrayed as serious illnesses. Disease-awareness campaigns can affect consultation and prescribing rates, with potential negative effects on public health if they encourage inaccurate health beliefs and incite consumers to request inappropriate treatments from health care providers.
And they conclude:
In Australia and Canada, the regulatory responses to low-testosterone campaigns highlight the need for changes to current approaches to enforcing the legislative ban on direct-to-consumer advertising. Like independent consumer and health professional organisations in Europe, Australia and Canada, we call for stricter limits on the role of drug companies in providing health information to the public because of the companies inherent conflicts of interest. Regulatory bodies should adopt and enforce the World Health Organizations Ethical criteria for medicinal drug promotion, which states that:
promotion refers to all informational and persuasive
activities by manufacturers and distributors, the effect
of which is to induce the prescription, supply, purchase
and/or use of medicinal drugs.
In particular, unbranded product advertising, and the use of pseudo-branding or similar techniques, should be explicitly prohibited. Pharmaceutical companies should be discouraged from illegal direct-to-consumer advertising through meaningful penalties, rather than non-prohibitive sanctions such as the symbolic fines imposed in Australia.
Side note: MSNBC today posted a story, “Men seek testosterone quick fix, with risks.”
Addendum on June 6: William Heisel this week wrote, “Steer Clear of Disease-Mongering Quicksand.”