No doubt you have heard that yogurt is teeming with bacteria–and no doubt you try not to think about that as you dig into a cup of the stuff.
The story highlights the booming industry of selling bacteria-containing products for an array of ailments, mostly relating to the GI tract, and generally reiterates claims of efficacy while not relaying any evidence thereof. It did not provide a critical examination of the claims made, which is unfortunate. The author could have looked for some evidence of efficacy in published, peer-reviewed literature.
Three times the story refers to "superstar bacteria" and states that “There is a fair body of science suggesting that some consumers are spending their dollars wisely.” But the story never delivers that scientific evidence. The marketing of probiotic products is in its infancy, and it is premature to gin up enthusiasm for probiotics while neglecting to substantiate a single claim.
The story fell short of best practice in health journalism by:
There was no mention of the costs of probiotic containing products; there was no discussion of whether there is any sort of price differential between traditional products and those to which probiotics or additional probiotics have been added.
The story made health claims without reference to data supporting the claims. In fact, the medical literature does not support the claims made in this story.
The story did provide potentially useful information about the kinds of people who should avoid consumption of probiotic containing foods. However, the story did not contain sufficient information about the nature of the evidence demonstrating this to be true. Have there been any studies done comparing outcomes of people with ‘weakened immune systems’ (whatever that includes) who have and have not consumed probiotics?
And while the story did mention that it is common for people who have begin to consume probiotic containing foods to experience uncomfortable bloating, it failed to report on more serious risks associated with probiotic use.
The story did not do an adequate job of informing readers about the sources of its factual content. It also failed to back up the health claims it made (regularity, relief of allergy symptoms). The column should have given readers some idea about the weight of the evidence.
Instead, this story seemed to be a cheerleading piece for the use of probiotic containing products. Here is some of the evidence this story didn’t present.
If the intention was merely to inform readers about the impact of probiotics on regularity, it would have been helpful to know the percentage of people reporting symptom relief after probiotic containing food – and how much such food and for how long.
This column allowed the book-promoting, probiotics-promoting physician-author get away with perpetuating the notion that there is a correct – or "regular" frequency – of bowel movements to which healthy people should aspire. This myth sells products. And maybe it’s the subject of the next book.
Though the story included quotes from the author of a book on probiotics, it failed to include any insight from independent experts. It should have included information from experts in the field without an association to a marketable product. A link to something like NIH’s site about probiotics would have lent some credibility to the information the story tried to impart.
Stating that the FDA is "neutral" obscures the fact that foods are not regulated in the same way as drugs.
The story missed the mark by failing to compare and contrast probiotic availability from the foods they are naturally found in with foods specifically fortified with probiotics. Is there really any difference between eating Activia or Dannon yogurt? And if the point of the story was to educate viewers about allergies and bowel regulation, it should have mentioned generally accepted treatment options for these.
The story indicated that there are current products for sale in grocery stores that contain probiotic bacteria and that in addition, there are new products being developed. However – the story should have mentioned that there is no evaluation process to ascertain that the products sold as probiotics actually contain the organisms in the doses advertised. So true "availability" is difficult to ascertain. Consumers should know this.
It should be noted that the table that is a part of this story provides an inadequate listing of sources of probiotic containing foods.
The story was clear that many currently available foods contain probiotics and that there is an industry developing to enhance foods with probiotics. However, one could ask, is yogurt novel?
We can’t be sure if the column relied solely or largely on a news release. We can be sure that it seemed to rely almost exclusively on an interview with a book-promoting, probiotics-promoting physician.