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Potato industry PR: Fries and chips “best hope” for improving children’s diets

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IMAGE: US children are not consuming enough vegetables, resulting in an inadequate intake of key nutrients which are important for growth, development and overall health. Research published in a special supplement… view more

Credit: United States Potato Board

Denver, CO. (February 17, 2016) – U.S. children are not consuming enough vegetables, resulting in an inadequate intake of key nutrients, including potassium and dietary fiber, which are important for growth, development and overall health. Research published (January 2016) in a special supplement of the peer-reviewed journal Advances in Nutrition demonstrated that children ages 1-3 years of age consumed just 67 percent of the dietary reference intakes (DRI) for potassium and 55 percent of the DRI for fiber.

An overarching conclusion from the various papers included in the supplement, “Science and Policy: Adopting a Fruitful Vegetable Encounter for Our Children,” is that potatoes are a vegetable that tend to be well-liked by young children and are a good source of potassium and provide 8 percent of the recommended daily value of fiber. In fact, a study of elementary school students demonstrated that students are not consuming the majority of vegetables offered to them in school lunches. However, plate waste for white potatoes was the lowest among any type of vegetables; thus, including potatoes in school meals is one important way to help ensure children receive those key nutrients of concern.

“It’s important that consumption of all vegetables, particularly those that are good sources of potassium and dietary fiber, be encouraged in children,” says Theresa A. Nicklas, DrPH, USDA/ARS Children’s Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, and one of the supplement’s authors. “Dietary habits established during childhood often transition to adulthood, so it is hugely important to encourage children to enjoy vegetables as part of the diet in order to reap the nutrition and health benefits provided by vegetables into adulthood.”

The journal supplement features seven papers authored by leading nutrition scientists that explore the state of the science pertaining to vegetable consumption in children. The supplement is the outcome of a November 2014 USDA/ARS Children’s Nutrition Research Center at Baylor College of Medicine roundtable on vegetable consumption in children. The forum was supported by the Alliance for Potato Research and Education, a not-for-profit organization dedicated to expanding and translating scientific research into evidence-based policy and education initiatives that recognize the role of all forms of the potato–a nutritious vegetable–in promoting health for all age groups. The executive summary “Science and Policy: Adopting a Fruitful Vegetable Encounter for Our Children,” is available online at http://advances.nutrition.org/content/current. For more nutrition information and to access a vast collection of healthy potato recipes, please visit http://www.potatogoodness.com.

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About the United States Potato Board

The United States Potato Board (USPB) is the nation’s potato marketing and research organization. Based in Denver, Colorado, the USPB represents more than 2,500 potato growers and handlers across the country. The USPB was established in 1971 by a group of potato growers to promote the benefits of eating potatoes. Today, as the largest vegetable commodity board, the USPB is proud to be recognized as an innovator in the produce industry and dedicated to positioning potatoes as a nutrition powerhouse–truly, goodness unearthed.

1. Storey ML, Anderson PA. Nutrient Intake and Vegetable and White Potato Consumption by Children 1 to 3 Years. Advances in Nutrition, 2016;7:241S-246S .

2. Ishdori A, Capps O, Murano PS. Nutrient Density and the Cost of Vegetables from Elementary School Lunches. Advances in Nutrition, 2016;7:254S-260S.

Rating

1 Star

Study shows children's best hope for the potassium and fiber missing in their diets is potatoes

Our Review Summary

potato headThis news release is about a study funded by and written by the potato industry. And not surprisingly given its provenance, the news release advocates vigorously for the inclusion of more potatoes in children’s diets. Interestingly, though, the study that’s the basis for the release does not deliver the same message. Instead, it says that a broad array of vegetables are not being eaten by children and therefore children’s diets are lacking in calcium, vitamin D, and other nutrients. Potatoes are a big focus of the study, of course, but here’s where the news release falls short, too: The study notes — and the news release ignores — that the potatoes being studied included french fries and potato chips. All potential health harm from these foods is completely ignored. (Such harm is ignored in the study, too.) The potential benefits are not clearly broken out in the study and seem to appear out of nowhere in the news release.

 

Why This Matters

Childhood intake of nutrients has been linked to later development of cancer and cardiovascular disease, as well as obesity and diabetes.  As the release states, childhood eating patterns carry over to adults. Encouraging kids to eat a wide variety of vegetables is therefore important. The argument that potatoes should be particularly encouraged has little foundation in science.

Criteria

Does the news release adequately discuss the costs of the intervention?

Not Applicable

There is no mention of costs. We won’t penalize the release for not including this information since potatoes are a common and relatively inexpensive food. The release could have noted the average cost of a pound of potatoes to give parents a sense of how they might fit into a family grocery budget.

Does the news release adequately quantify the benefits of the treatment/test/product/procedure?

Not Satisfactory

The release says that potatoes are the “best hope” for delivering more fiber and potassium to kids. Based on what evidence? The study certainly doesn’t show this. Here’s what the study concludes:

“The results suggest that patterns of potassium, [dietary fiber], and vitamin D intake for young children should be studied further in order to develop strategies for increasing intakes of these crucial nutrients. The consumption of a variety of all vegetables, including [white potatoes], is important to increase potassium and [dietary fiber] intakes and should be encouraged.”

Does the news release adequately explain/quantify the harms of the intervention?

Not Satisfactory

The most troubling thing about this study and about the release is the inclusion of french fries and potato chips in the study as if they were equal in health value to other forms of potatoes. There is no discussion of the potential harms that come from foods high in sugar, salt, fat, and calories.

Does the news release seem to grasp the quality of the evidence?

Not Satisfactory

The release skirts any explanation of how the study was conducted. The study itself appeared to be focused on overall dietary patterns, not potatoes per se. In addition, the study was published as a paid supplement to a journal article. In general, supplements are not peer-reviewed, and so it would be helpful to note specifically whether the papers in the supplement were peer reviewed or not. The release is somewhat cagey on this point, saying that the study was published “in a special supplement of the peer-reviewed journal Advances in Nutrition.”

Does the news release commit disease-mongering?

Satisfactory

The release does not engage in disease mongering.

Does the news release identify funding sources & disclose conflicts of interest?

Not Satisfactory

The release notes:

The supplement is the outcome of a November 2014 USDA/ARS Children’s Nutrition Research Center at Baylor College of Medicine roundtable on vegetable consumption in children. The forum was supported by the Alliance for Potato Research and Education, a not-for-profit organization dedicated to expanding and translating scientific research into evidence-based policy and education initiatives that recognize the role of all forms of the potato–a nutritious vegetable–in promoting health for all age groups.

That’s good information as far as it goes, but the release does not acknowledge that the authors of the main study that is the basis for the release are both paid by the Alliance (one is an employee, the other a consultant), which is a membership group for potato growers.

Does the news release compare the new approach with existing alternatives?

Not Satisfactory

There are many comparisons in the study but the release mentions none of the many other dietary sources of potassium and fiber.

Does the news release establish the availability of the treatment/test/product/procedure?

Not Applicable

We think it’s obvious that potatoes are widely available.

Does the news release establish the true novelty of the approach?

Not Satisfactory

By claiming that potatoes are the best hope for increasing potassium and fiber intake in kids, we think the release needed to prove the novelty of the research and this finding. But there’s nothing new here.

Does the news release include unjustifiable, sensational language, including in the quotes of researchers?

Not Satisfactory

The headline – and use of “best hope” — is unjustified, as far as we can tell.

Total Score: 1 of 8 Satisfactory

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