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Read Original Story

Cochlear implants help high school junior excel in band, academics

Rating

2 Star

Cochlear implants help high school junior excel in band, academics

Our Review Summary

This is a heartwarming story about how a medical device changed a life. The device is a cochlear implant and the life is Ethan Priddy’s, a young man who slowly lost most of his hearing by the age of 14, and then "blossomed" when he regained his hearing after receiving a cochlear implant a few years later. Ethan’s story inspires his hard-of-hearing high school teacher to follow suit—and no doubt will stir others to action as well. But the story doesn’t tell us much about the scientific evidence: How good is the research on cochlear implants? Who benefits from the operation, how often, and how much? What are all of the potential risks? Is there anything else, other than surgery, which might help? Without knowing some of these answers, readers could make inaccurate assumptions about this treatment.  

Criteria

Does the story adequately discuss the costs of the intervention?

Satisfactory

The story cites a physician who says the cost of the device and surgery is about $60,000, and that it is covered by most insurance companies, Medicare, and Medicaid.

Does the story adequately quantify the benefits of the treatment/test/product/procedure?

Not Satisfactory

The story does a nice job of describing how the world might sound and come alive after a cochlear implant operation, but it lacks any quantitative estimate of benefit. Who benefits, how often, and how much?

Does the story adequately explain/quantify the harms of the intervention?

Not Satisfactory

The story says the harms of surgery are few—mainly the dashed hopes of those it doesn’t help and the chance that some people may need a reoperation if the first implant stops working. It’s not completely clear that if the surgery fails, a partially deaf person is likely to be permanently deaf. Can it cause infections or facial paralysis or affect a person’s taste? Yes, it can—but readers will have to do their own research to find out.

Does the story seem to grasp the quality of the evidence?

Not Satisfactory

The story fails to describe the quality of the evidence to support cochlear implant surgery. In whom has it been tested? In what sorts of studies? How often does it fail to help and why? Is the person featured in the news story—deaf 17-year-old Ethan Priddy–warranted in his hope that surgery might restore his hearing?

Does the story commit disease-mongering?

Satisfactory

The story describes a real problem—deafness–without overselling or exaggerating its importance.

Does the story use independent sources and identify conflicts of interest?

Not Satisfactory

The story cites several sources: a patient; the patient’s mother, teacher, and physician; and a commercial website. The story should have included a trusted independent source with expertise on the subject who had no personal or economic interest in this patient or his treatment.

Does the story compare the new approach with existing alternatives?

Not Satisfactory

The story mentions no other treatment options. Is there anything short of surgery that might help?

Does the story establish the availability of the treatment/test/product/procedure?

Not Satisfactory

The story fails to explain whether cochlear implants are an FDA-approved device or widely available, or if trained personnel are widely available who can identify appropriate patients for the devices and surgically implant them.

Does the story establish the true novelty of the approach?

Not Satisfactory

The article doesn’t explain whether this is a new treatment, or provide enough context for a reader to accurately tease out its track record.

Does the story appear to rely solely or largely on a news release?

Satisfactory

The story does not appear to rely solely or largely on a news release.

Total Score: 3 of 10 Satisfactory

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