NOTE TO READERS: When this project lost substantial funding at the end of 2018, I lost the ability to continue publishing criteria-driven news story reviews and PR news release reviews - once the bread-and-butter of the site going back to 2006. The 3,200 archived reviews, while still educational, are getting old and difficult for me to technically maintain on the back end of the website. So I am announcing that I plan to remove these reviews from the site by April 1, 2021. The blog and the toolkit - two of the most popular features on the site - will remain. If you wish to peruse the reviews before they disappear, please do so by the end of March 2021. After that date you may still be able to access them via the Internet Archive Wayback Machine - https://archive.org/web/.
Read Original Story

New scan for skin cancers goes full-body route

Rating

4 Star

New scan for skin cancers goes full-body route

Our Review Summary

This was a well-done story about a new business strategy in medicine, direct to consumer diagnostic testing – in this case for skin cancer.  It provided readers with a lot of information about approaches to skin cancer screening, including what they can do on their own, organizations that provide free screening, and how the medical professionals most closely associated with skin cancer screening view this new organization and its approach.  While pointing out that screening is only as good as the person conducting the exam, it also highlights the fact that many people are not screened in accordance with current recommendations.  However – there was no evidence presented for efficacy of the screening method use in this new facility or for traditional screens conducted by physicians.  A particular flaw was the lack of discussion of harms associated with both false positives (increased surveillance and worry) and diagnosis of early cancers that would not progress, with a possible cascade of medical intervention and all that entails.  

Overall, the story was informative and successful in not being merely a shill for the new enterprise. 

Criteria

Does the story adequately discuss the costs of the intervention?

Satisfactory

The story included the costs of a Molesafe screening as well links to organizations offering no cost screening.

To be more complete, there are three pieces of information the story could have included: the cost for yearly follow-up at Molesafe, whether or not Molesafe screening would be covered by some, most, or no insurance companies, and the estimated costs of such screening by a dermatologist. 

Does the story adequately quantify the benefits of the treatment/test/product/procedure?

Not Satisfactory

The story did not quantify the benefits that might be derived from increasing the number of people being screened for skin cancer.  It did not include any discussion about the value of such screening in any of the settings mentioned.  But it did provide some discussion around the information that fewer people are screened than recommendations would suggest and that this type of setting had the potential to increase the screening rate.

Does the story adequately explain/quantify the harms of the intervention?

Not Satisfactory

The president of the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery expressed his concern that "Dermatologists consistently do better than non-dermatologists" which could be interpreted as a suggesting that MoleSafe screening could miss lesions.  A false negative is one of the harms of screening. The story should have been more explicit on this.

The story could have explained that the other harm of screening is a false positive, which in this case would be where something is diagnosed as a potential cancer and the individual goes for unnecessary follow-up and/or treatment.

Does the story seem to grasp the quality of the evidence?

Not Satisfactory

Although the clinician who is opening this clinic and stands to gain financially from its operation stated that the process "is proven to detect melanomas and save lives," the story did not contain data supporting this claim.  It should be available as this sort of clinic has been in operation for several years in New Zealand and Australia under the name MoleMap.  If there is no evidence about the efficacy of this particular screening system, this should have been mentioned.

Does the story commit disease-mongering?

Satisfactory

The story did not engage in disease mongering. In fact, it alluded to the fact that not all cancers are dangerous.  This is a concept that is not often mentioned. 

Does the story use independent sources and identify conflicts of interest?

Satisfactory

The reporter working on this story did an excellent job of obtaining comments from people with vested interest in the disease but without connection to the clinic at the heart of the story.  The comments provided a very interesting perspective on how medical professionals view competition.

Does the story compare the new approach with existing alternatives?

Satisfactory

The story mentioned screening by dermatologists and even included links to groups conducting free screening.  In addition, a side bar included information that provided information a reader could use to do a first pass screening on their own.

Does the story establish the availability of the treatment/test/product/procedure?

Satisfactory

The story explained that the first Molesafe screening center is in the process of being opened in New Jersey.  It also offer links to organizations offering free screening.

Does the story establish the true novelty of the approach?

Satisfactory

The story was quite clear on this being a newly available clinical setting in the United States but one which has a longer history in New Zealand.

Does the story appear to rely solely or largely on a news release?

Satisfactory

Because of the number of sources used, we assume that the story did not rely solely or largely on a news release.

Total Score: 7 of 10 Satisfactory

Comments

Please note, comments are no longer published through this website. All previously made comments are still archived and available for viewing through select posts.