NOTE TO READERS: When this project lost substantial funding at the end of 2018, I lost the ability to continue publishing criteria-driven news story reviews and PR news release reviews - once the bread-and-butter of the site going back to 2006. The 3,200 archived reviews, while still educational, are getting old and difficult for me to technically maintain on the back end of the website. So I am announcing that I plan to remove these reviews from the site by April 1, 2021. The blog and the toolkit - two of the most popular features on the site - will remain. If you wish to peruse the reviews before they disappear, please do so by the end of March 2021. After that date you may still be able to access them via the Internet Archive Wayback Machine - https://archive.org/web/.
Read Original Story

Drugs To Prevent Weak Bones Linked To Unusual Fractures In Women

Rating

5 Star

Categories

Drugs To Prevent Weak Bones Linked To Unusual Fractures In Women

Our Review Summary

There was a very clear explanation of the difference between relative and absolute risk.  And a very clear summary statement: “That’s obviously a lot more benfit than risk.”

The story ends with another strong point: discussing some of the issues that women should be discussing with their doctors in a truly informed shared decision-making environment.

 

Why This Matters

This study has the potential to confuse readers and listeners.  But the story addresses the seemingly contradictory elements well. Women over 65, who face most of the risk from osteoporosis, will have to question their providers as each new bit of evidence emerges balancing the risk of treatment with drugs against the benefits. An estimated 10 million people in the United States have osteoporosis.

Criteria

Does the story adequately discuss the costs of the intervention?

Not Satisfactory

The story gives no cost information. We wish the story had given the yearly cost of at least one of these therapies, and even some comment on the high cost of recovery from a typical hip fracture for the thousands of elderly women who suffer them.

Does the story adequately quantify the benefits of the treatment/test/product/procedure?

Satisfactory

The story did a good job explaining the tradeoffs of benefits and harms and quotes a doctor who worries that fear of rare events may be preventing women from taking drugs that could save them from the typical hip fractures.

If only the article took the extra step by talking about treatment benefits in absolute terms, rather than relative. The competing Reuters article tries to put the absolute benefit in perspective by noting that about half of people with osteoporosis will have a fracture in their lifetime.

Does the story adequately explain/quantify the harms of the intervention?

Satisfactory

NPR does a good job of parsing the harm described in the JAMA article. Extra credit for including the notion of a “drug holiday” that is a practical reaction from treating physicians to a confusing landscape of discoveries about these drugs.

Does the story seem to grasp the quality of the evidence?

Satisfactory

The fact that this was the largest study to date is important, since large groups are needed to evaluate rare events like these thighbone fractures. There is helpful discussion of how to interpet the risk vs. benefits outlined in the study.

Does the story commit disease-mongering?

Satisfactory

The story avoids being alarmist and takes pains to point out the low absolute risk of the unsual thigh fracture.

If anything, the story could have pointed out how devastating a typical hip fracture can be for an individual and society overall. The CDC estimates that one in four who suffer a hip fracture are dead within a year, and one in five will spend at least a year in a nursing home.

Does the story use independent sources and identify conflicts of interest?

Satisfactory

NPR provides us with three fresh sources beyond the JAMA article itself.

Does the story compare the new approach with existing alternatives?

Satisfactory

One strength of the story was its ending, with a discussion with a bone specialist about the option of taking a drug “holiday” from time to time, and the question of whether women who stop taking it temporarily should start again.

Does the story establish the availability of the treatment/test/product/procedure?

Satisfactory

The story describes the drugs as commonly available.

Does the story establish the true novelty of the approach?

Satisfactory

The drugs are not novel, and the story says so.

Does the story appear to rely solely or largely on a news release?

Satisfactory

It’s clear that the story did not rely solely or largely on a news release.

Total Score: 9 of 10 Satisfactory

Comments

Please note, comments are no longer published through this website. All previously made comments are still archived and available for viewing through select posts.