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Heart scans tied to “evidence-free” treatment: study

Rating

5 Star

Heart scans tied to “evidence-free” treatment: study

Our Review Summary

This story summarized the study and its significance clearly in the first sentence – “When symptom-free people have heart scans to look for clogged arteries, they can end up with overtreatment and side effects.”

 

Why This Matters

The story delivered powerful quotes from experts to put the findings into context for readers:

  • “Testing might lead to more harm than good.”
  • “With these new imaging techniques, we are left with the dilemma of what to do with the results.”
  • “Overdiagnosis is threatening to become an increasingly important public health problem because of the enthusiasm for and proliferation of uNPRoven screening tests.”

Criteria

Does the story adequately quantify the benefits of the treatment/test/product/procedure?

Satisfactory

Much more clearly than the competing WSJ story, Reuters reported: “”Testing might lead to more harm than good.”

Does the story adequately explain/quantify the harms of the intervention?

Satisfactory

Unlike the competing Wall Street Journal story, this story was clear about the potential harms: “it’s well known that the scans expose patients to a high dose of X-rays, which can increase their likelihood of developing cancer. And the dyes used to enhance the images cause kidney damage in a significant portion of people.”

Does the story seem to grasp the quality of the evidence?

Satisfactory

Clear, succinct summary of the evidence.

Does the story commit disease-mongering?

Satisfactory

No disease mongering.

Does the story use independent sources and identify conflicts of interest?

Satisfactory

An author of the paper, and the author of an accompanying editorial were quoted.

Does the story compare the new approach with existing alternatives?

Satisfactory

The story ends with the researcher saying “doctors should focus on patients’ lifestyle and traditional risk factors such as smoking and obesity.”

Does the story establish the availability of the treatment/test/product/procedure?

Satisfactory

The story was clear that the scans are not currently recommended by guidelines but that “there have been several reports of doctors doing CCTA heart scans in healthy patients, although the practice is currently discouraged by the American Heart Association.”

Does the story establish the true novelty of the approach?

Satisfactory

The relative novelty of the screening test could be deduced from the story.

Does the story appear to rely solely or largely on a news release?

Satisfactory

It’s clear that the story did not rely on a news release.

Total Score: 10 of 10 Satisfactory

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