NOTE TO READERS: When this project lost substantial funding at the end of 2018, I lost the ability to continue publishing criteria-driven news story reviews and PR news release reviews - once the bread-and-butter of the site going back to 2006. The 3,200 archived reviews, while still educational, are getting old and difficult for me to technically maintain on the back end of the website. So I am announcing that I plan to remove these reviews from the site by April 1, 2021. The blog and the toolkit - two of the most popular features on the site - will remain. If you wish to peruse the reviews before they disappear, please do so by the end of March 2021. After that date you may still be able to access them via the Internet Archive Wayback Machine - https://archive.org/web/.
Read Original Story

Could Listening to Mozart Help Doctors Spot Colon Polyps?

Rating

2 Star

Categories

Could Listening to Mozart Help Doctors Spot Colon Polyps?

Our Review Summary

  • Small study?  How small?
  • Study based on two doctors’ performance?  How were they selected?  How much experience did they have?  These are very important details not explained in the story.
  • The article fails to mention anything about the study’s confounding factors, or to caution that “correlation does not imply causation” in such a small study. An independent expert could have commented on these issues. But the story provided no independent perspective.
  • This is a one-source story, with the same quotations from the lead investigator as the news release.

 

Why This Matters

The story again highlights the difficulty in covering presentations from academic conferences, as such studies are not yet peer-reviewed and published in medical journals. Although the correlation between Mozart and detection rates is interesting, the article could have gone beyond the press release and looked at the study from a more critical angle, with a more thorough explanation of the so-called “Mozart Effect.” Although the news release was a bit of a challenge to decipher, the story based on it did not clearly explain its meaning for the reader.

Criteria

Does the story adequately discuss the costs of the intervention?

Not Applicable

There are no extensive costs associated with listening to Mozart’s music.

Does the story adequately quantify the benefits of the treatment/test/product/procedure?

Not Satisfactory

The absolute dfference in adenomas was not reported, only percentages.  We’re told it was a small study.  How small?

Does the story adequately explain/quantify the harms of the intervention?

Not Applicable

No foreseeable harms or side effects in listening to music during procedures.

Does the story seem to grasp the quality of the evidence?

Not Satisfactory

The article does state that “data and conclusions should be viewed as preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.” However, the story should have discussed the limitations of such a small study and clarified the researchers’ methods and results. The story does not mention if other variables were accounted for, or if the correlation between Mozart and higher detection rates could have been due to other factors.

The study only had 2 physicians in it, and was not truly blinded.

Does the story commit disease-mongering?

Satisfactory

The story provided some brief information on invasive colorectal cancer, based on the information in the news release.

Does the story use independent sources and identify conflicts of interest?

Not Satisfactory

There were no independent sources cited from outside the study. The only comment came from the lead researcher, Dr. Catherine Noelle O’Shea from the University of Texas Health Science Center.

Does the story compare the new approach with existing alternatives?

Not Satisfactory

Was music the only option for improving detection?  Experience of the physician is probably closely related to detection rate, as well as number of procedures done per year. Let’s give Mozart his due, but let’s analyze the evidence on other alternative explanations as well.

Does the story establish the availability of the treatment/test/product/procedure?

Not Applicable

Not applicable.  There’s no question about the ability of anyone to listen to any of kind of music while doing colonoscopies.

Does the story establish the true novelty of the approach?

Satisfactory

Many studies, both positive and negative, have been conducted on the so-called “Mozart Effect.” And the story makes brief reference to past studies.

Does the story appear to rely solely or largely on a news release?

Not Satisfactory

The story clearly was based on a press release by the American College of Gastroenterology. Similar language and the same quotations were used. There was not any evidence of original reporting.

Total Score: 2 of 7 Satisfactory

Comments

Please note, comments are no longer published through this website. All previously made comments are still archived and available for viewing through select posts.