The story describes the use of adult stem cells to help control type 1 diabetes. The story provides absolute benefits (with some cautionary statements that these are preliminary) found in this small trial in 15 patients. However, the story gives no information about what type of study these results are based on (randomized trial or other), and while it does point out some of the study limitations, like study size and length of follow-up, it isn't entirely clear what this should mean to viewers. The story also does not mention any harms of the new treatment, and given that it is described as "gentle chemotherapy," it's hard to believe there would be no side effects or harms. And with the short follow-up, it isn't clear what long-term harms this may have.
The story doesn't mention costs of this new treatment.
The story does quantify benefits, e.g. 13 out of 15 patients were able to stop taking insulin. And even though these results look promising at first glance, the story provides cautionary statements that these are just preliminary results.
The story does not mention any harms of the new treatment whatsover, including no mention of how serious these harms were or how frequently they occurred.
The story does not state what the evidence is for the findings, e.g. a randomized trial or something else. The story does discuss some limitations, such as the small number of people in the study and the relatively short follow-up length. But if a network is going to report on a trial in only 15 patients, it should provide a better sense of the quality of the evidence.
The story points out the estimated number of people with this type of diabetes (type 1) and contrasts that with how many people have type 2 (significantly more), giving viewers a sense that this treatment may not help the majority of people with diabetes.
The story quotes two experts – one of whom was apparently not involved in the study.
The current standard therapy for type 1 diabetics is briefly discussed, e.g. daily insulin injections.
The story tells readers that the new treatment is still experimental and this treatment appears to have been used for the first time in a recent research study. One physician is quoted saying the idea "is not ready for prime time" so viewers should know they can not turn to their local doctor to have this treatment.
The story mentions this is the first time this treatment (adult stem cells) has been used to control type 1 diabetes (although the story states adult stem cells have been used to treat leukemia).
Since the story quoted two expert sources – and one of them was apparently not involved in the research – it is safe to assume the story did not rely solely or largely on a news release.